Fertility rates, meanwhile, remain astonishingly high in

n some countries, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. In a few of the poorest-Niger, Mali and th

e Democratic Republic of Congo-the rate is 6-7 children per woman. The resulting flood of new ent

rants to the labor market is far outstripping the number of jobs available.

Empowering women key to meeting challenge

No known growth model can accommodate or keep up with this k

ind of demographic surge. Even sustained economic growth of around 7 percent per year

won’t be enough. And although fertility tends to decline as incomes rise, that does not happen immediately. Em

powering women, therefore, may be the most effective way of starting to address the challenge.

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Today’s lower-income countries already face a tough task in

 trying to emulate the impressive growth of developing economies before them. An underperformi

ng global economy, and rising national and international tensions, will make that task even harder. If th

e world is serious about reducing poverty further, it must pay far more attention to their progress.

he US has repeatedly threatened to impose tariffs on about $300 billion of Chinese ex

ports to the United States. China showed the greatest sincerity in the Sino-US trade

talks and refused wild demands by the US side, said Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang on Tuesday.

China has become the most popular investment destination for global companies, since the country launched its reform and opening-up policy, said Geng Shuang.

The companies will choose which countries to invest in, or which partners to coope

rate with based on their interests and market rules. No words can influence them, Geng said.

China welcomes foreign companies to increase investment in the country, and the country will continue gi

ving efforts to create a more stable, fair, transparent and predictable business environment for foreign investors, said Geng.

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More new users choose VIPKID among all online Engli

glish education brands. Since September 2018, 70 percent of all new users were snapped up by VIPKID.

There is also significant difference between VIPKID and other brands on user activity. Si

nce early 2018, the monthly active users of VIPKID have risen while other brands didn’t see much growth.

People in first- and second-tier cities take up 65 percent of all paid users, becoming a major force i

n online English course market for children. The number of users in third- and fourth-tier cities is growing.

Quality of foreign teachers a challenge

The quality of foreign teachers is a key factor when parents choose English learning pla

tform. The foreign teachers of China’s online English education brands mainly come from No

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These values, rooted on Asia’s culture and history and cen

ered on consensus, social harmony, stability and discipline, are more important and rel

evant than ever in the face of challenges-such as protectionism and terrorism-confronting the world today.

Joefe Santarita, dean of the Asian Center at the University of the Philippines, said Asian values promote consensual approach and communitari

anism rather than individualism, and they prioritize social order and harmony as well as respect for elders, discipline and a pate

rnalistic state along with the primary role of government in economic development.

“Asian values are the salient ingredients on how to learn to work tog

ether through trust and consequently promote globalization,” Santarita told China Da

ily. He cited China’s guanxi, a cultural concept that stresses deep personal connections and maintaining relations.

“Guanxi is a clear manifestation of a success story of a cultural element that is aptly applied

in the business sector. Trust is a fundamental element for Chinese businessmen who have engaged in com

mercial partnerships and international trading systems for centuries,” he said.

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Shanghai hotels no longer provide disposables automatically

Hotels in Shanghai will no longer automatically provide disposable daily necessities such as toothbrush, comb and shaver f

rom July 1 as a regulation on household waste will come into effect in the city on the day, People’s Daily reported.

Around 4.8 billion guests booked into 440,000 hotels in China in 2017, as per data. More than 70 percent o

f soaps are thrown away after being used once, a survey shows. Calculated by weight, each hotel t

hrows away 2.5 kg disposable soaps every day and 440,000 hotels would throw away more than 400,000 tons

of soaps every year. If each ton of soaps costs 20,000 yuan, that would be 8 billion yuan worth of soap.

Apart from soap, toothpaste, toothbrush, comb, shampoo and bath foam are often discarded

after one-time use. It’s not only a waste of money, but also a burden for environment as many articles are non-degradable.

galetamerica.cn

More than 700 scientists from around 40 countries, regio

ns and international organizations supported the declaration. It recommended a

ctions including data-sharing, investing in disaster risk reduction technologies and inf

rastructure, and jointly enhancing disaster preparedness and response protocols.

The conference also saw the launch of a scientific alliance on international disaster risk reduction, which included aro

und 30 institutions and universities from countries including Italy, Belgium, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

The alliance will serve as a new platform for international coordinati

on and provide scientific support for disaster relief and sustainable development.

The conference was co-hosted by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Chi

na Association for Science and Technology, the United Nations Environment Progra

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While it is reasonable to assume that women most concern

d with their body shape are those who might be susceptible to obesity or other risks, studies indicate the vast majority of wo

men who engage in “fat talk” can be ranked “average” and “healthy” when it comes to their weight.

Zhang Ran, 28, a senior consultant in the Beijing office of multinational professio

nal services company Ernst & Young, said she was a “fat talker” when she was a college student.

“I felt comfortable when I discovered I was not the only one who was un

happy about my body shape. But then I began to understand that it has nothing to do

with a woman’s actual weight, but everything to do with how she sees herself,” she said.

She added that sharing her fear of being fat with others could trigger feelings of emotional security and being part of a great

er community. Even after she graduated and started a career, “fat talk”-and its related effects-did not stop.

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A woman gets it into her head that she can never be too th

Zhang Xin, associate professor at the School of Psychological and Cognitive Science at Peking Uni

versity in Beijing, believes “fat talk” may be a way of expressing that “we all share feelings of insecu

rity”.In China, “fat” has become a word that women will do almost anything to avoid being associated with. This is not surpris

ing, given that being slim as a beauty ideal has become the subject of countless newspaper stories, TV comm

ercials and movies, resulting in the almost universal correlation between a slim figure and beauty.

“Women are more likely than men to enjoy chatting with their

peers about weight concerns and body issues, and this ma

y release them from pressure over their weight and serve as a way to bond with their friends,” he said.

But “fat talk” is a double-edged sword. While it may seem a harmless way to ease dissatisfact

ion over body shape by gaining reassurance within a peer group, it can also serve to reinforce negative feelings.

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The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the kin

ds of market-driven reforms needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in research

and development, but it should be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

Nobody likes competition against themselves. So, it must be admitted that China’s transiti

on to a high-tech, high-value-added economy will come as a shock to many companies around the world.

The US economy, which has about 7 percent of GDP in high-tech manufacturing, will be lightly affected by this change.

On the other hand, advanced manufacturing contributes around 20 percent of GDP in South Korea, Japan, Ge

rmany and a few smaller European countries. They will be much more directly affected.

China’s transition over the next 10 years will not be painless for its compa

nies or for foreign competitors. But, reform and opening-up policies that create more com

petitive companies and markets are the only way to achieve a richer and more productive world economy in the long term.

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The case was made public after the father of one of the

e infants said in a social media post that at least three babies had died at Shunde Hospital. He

cited a suspected cross-infection in the hospital’s neonatal intensive care unit in March and April.

According to the post, his child was born on April 6 and was infected between April 7 and 10.

On April 11, the infant was transferred to Guangdong Provincial People’s Hospital in Guangzhou. The chi

ld was found to be infected with an intestinal virus and died after treatment lasting more than a week.

Many newborns were transferred to other hospitals after becoming infected, he said.

The health commission said the case resulted from Shunde Hospital’s lax ma

nagement, inadequate infection control regulations and enforcement, inad

equate infection monitoring in the infant ward and failure to report infections as required.

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